The paradoxes of the Iraqi elections: low participation and Maliki’s retreat and “crowd”

The decline in the participation rate in the Iraqi legislative elections to the lowest rate since the US occupation of the country in 2003, the most important event, especially that the results of the participation of the cities of the southern stable was shocking, some did not exceed the threshold of thirty percent, Prisons to increase their participation rate. The same is true in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, which also recorded a decline in participation among the population, unlike the elections held in previous years.

While the Electoral Commission continues counting and counting under the supervision of international and international observers and agents of political entities, in order to announce the preliminary results of the elections held Saturday and the names of the entities and winning candidates in the 18 Iraqi provinces, leaks from several sources progressed my list of Prime Minister Haider Abadi ) And the leader of the “Sadrist movement” Muqtada al-Sadr (Saron), and achieve good results in the areas of their competitors in the northern and western provinces.  There is also talk of the decline of other lists, such as “the rule of law” led by former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, and “national” led by Iyad Allawi, and “decision” led by Osama Najafi, as well as not to achieve the list of “conquest” “The results were desired to win the post of prime minister, which was aspiring to.

Shock rate of participation
The desperation of change, with the presence of the faces and the parties themselves, and the Iranian and American intervention in drawing and forming successive Iraqi governments after the occupation, may have been the main reasons for the Iraqis’ reluctance to vote. The special vote, the expatriates and the prisoners accompanied the increase from 39% to 44% , Which is also the subject of questioning by political entities and observers said they are exaggerated because of the Iraqi street witnessed on Saturday a general reluctance to participate in the elections. “The street is convinced that the elections are merely a formative transition stage towards negotiations and understandings to form a government that must be accepted by Iran and the United States. “

Al-Hamdani pointed out that “the repetition of the same faces that the Iraqis have known after the occupation until today, with the speeches, slogans and promises itself, has become boring for the citizen, who considered that his participation does not mean anything that these faces will come back again for four years,” adding that The presence of a large percentage of invalid forms in the ballot boxes and write statements of protest or mark the “X” is a method of protest of another kind does not differ from those who were sitting at home did not participate.In an interview with “The New Arab”, Professor of Political Science at the University of Baghdad, Ahmed Abdullah Al-Hamdani, said that the Iraqi street is fully convinced that the elections are merely a stage of formal transit towards negotiations and understandings of forming a government that should be accepted by Iran and the United States in the first instance. “The electoral law passed by the parliament earlier this year is frustrating for the citizens. It is permissible to confiscate their votes and manipulate them. This does not need to be explained with the manipulation of the St Lego electoral system, the amendment of the votes and the electoral constituency and the creation of what is known as the number one sequence in the list.  Election campaign. “

This opinion was endorsed by the leader of the ruling National Alliance in the country, Karim Nuri, who saw that the low participation rate in the elections as a bell of danger for all.  He added in a press statement that “the vendors of scorpions who collected iron and wood election banners after the closing of the ballot boxes were more than the citizens who participated in the elections itself,” referring to the theft of steel frames and wood for advertising candidates by citizens and sellers of scrap and Haddad and carpenters.

For his part, said the leader of the “Iraqi Popular Movement Front,” Salam Hussein, that the participation rate was a scandal and shows that the Iraqi people left the stage naive and not to exploit the religion and the community politically, but hatred. He added in a statement to “the new Arab”: “I think that if the situation of Iraqis continue to retreat and frustration of the political system until the next elections, there will be a revolution in Iraq and will be launched this time from Karbala and Najaf before others, it is true to say the knife arrived bone.

A member of the Iraqi Communist Party, Walid al-Haboubi, told the “new Arab” that the lack of participation of Iraqis in these elections shocked everyone. “Of the 24 million Iraqis who have the right to vote, only 11 million have registered their electoral cards, Of the 50 per cent are not already interested in the elections in advance, and then of those who took their electoral cards did not participate only 44 per cent, and even this figure I see exaggerated and unrealistic, “noting that” people were desperate to change, the electoral law put him who participates in the elections Favoring the remaining parties in power. “

Abadi and Sadr are leaders
Reveals leaks from an official in the Iraqi Electoral Commission, spoke to the “new Arab”, that the preliminary results showed the progress of the list of “victory” (Haider Abadi), followed by the list, “Surun” of Muqtada al-Sadr and communists. The source pointed to the lists, “the conquest” of the “popular crowd,” and “National List” of Iyad Allawi, and the list of Maliki, “coalition of the rule of law,” the results are close but far from the list of Sadr and Abbadi, and that one of these lists will be ranked Third.
The same source revealed that the list of “Democratic Party of Kurdistan” on advanced results in the provinces of the Kurdistan region, adding that the list of “Iraqi decision” led by Iraqi Vice President Osama Najafi is the leader in the northern and western provinces, “Sunni”, as well as achieve good results in the region Karkh in Baghdad. He pointed out that the share of the alliance “victory” will not be less than 19 or 20 seats in Baghdad alone, as well as other provincial seats. “  The coalition of “State of Law” of Nuri al-Maliki is the most prominent losers in these elections“

It is noteworthy that the Arab and Turkmen parties in Kirkuk had issued on Saturday a joint statement, which gave the Central Election Commission in Baghdad 24 hours to start the process of counting and sorting, to reveal the true results of the elections, after charges of Kurdish parties to rig elections in the province. Al-Abbadi also called on the Electoral Commission to expedite the examination of the funds and organs contested and to announce the results to public opinion.On the merits of the civilian or non-religious figures in these elections, the same official confirmed that the results of the counting in Najaf, Basra, Muthanna, Qadissiya and Dhi Qar, as well as Baghdad confirms that they have good seats, and in the expatriates vote, these figures topped the other lists. He pointed out that the coalition of “State of Law” of Nuri al-Maliki is the most prominent losers, taking into account that he won in the last elections 92 seats, while may not exceed in this election thirty seats, and the “conquest” (popular crowd), which wants to compete for The prime minister will not be able to do so. The results are also disappointing, and the results are likely to be released on Monday or Tuesday at the latest. He pointed out that “delaying the announcement of the results is due to several reasons, most notably the controversy that accompanied the voting process, especially in Kirkuk, which has been controversial in this regard.”

Iraqi Kurdish MP Zana Said, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), led by former Kurdish president Massoud Barzani, accused the Kurdistan Democratic Party of rigging elections in the region and the disputed areas, adding that four Kurdish parties reject the results. Elections in Erbil.
Said said in a press statement that these parties have strong evidence of electoral fraud by Barzani Party, explaining that the four parties that reject the hegemony of the “Kurdistan Democratic” is “Islamic Group”, “Islamic Union of Kurdistan”, and “Democratic Alliance of Kurdistan” , And the Kurdish “Change Movement”. He added that these four parties “will bless if the results match manually with what appeared electronically,” stressing that Barzani party manipulated the results.

In contrast, the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, Mahma Khalil, in an interview with the “New Arab”, the accusations “political bankruptcy by these parties,” adding: “At the loss comes the loser different pretexts justify the loss,” rejecting the conversations that Indicates that his party manipulated the election results. “Where were these parties when we asked them to participate in the elections with a single list? Where was this when we asked them to boycott the elections?” He said, pointing out that “there is no Iraqi political reference to the size of Massoud Barzani, Kurdistan, the opportunity to get the highest results in the elections, “adding that it was the party that stood up to the” persistence “of the Iraqi authorities in Baghdad when it entered its forces accompanied by militias,” popular mobilization “Kirkuk and the disputed areas on 16 October last year.

Khalil stressed that the Kurdistan Democratic Party issued the results clearly in the provinces of Kurdistan and the disputed areas, likely to get his party to 24 seats in the next parliament, considering that these elections are relatively successful with the accompanying complaints and appeals and lack of participation, stressing the need to respect the results .

Attention to government
In the meantime, Tammuz organization to monitor the Iraqi elections, confirmed the existence of a large number of violations that accompanied the elections. The head of the organization, Vian Sheikh Ali, said that her organization has detected about a thousand cases between the violation and observation accompanied the election, pointing out during a press conference held in Baghdad that the participation rate was 40 percent, which is less than those announced by the Electoral Commission, Exceeded 44 per cent.  Sheikh Ali pointed to the existence of technical problems in the work of the electronic devices for the elections, pointing to the monitoring of hundreds of cases of delay, as well as the existence of data when reading errors of electronic voters.
However, the president of the Hamorabi electoral monitoring network, Abdul Rahman al-Mashhadani, played down the importance of these violations, explaining to the “new Arab” that some of the failures that hit the electronic devices used in Iraq for the first time does not mean that the elections were unsuccessful.“Leading in the “victory”: We do not have any veto on the blocs and figures winning in the elections in the negotiations to form a government “

But discussions on the formation of the next government will be marathon in the face of distrust and the existence of appeals to the results of the elections, according to a member of the coalition, “decision” Mohammed Abdullah, who expected many months before the announcement of the new government. He said in a statement to the “New Arab” that “the strangest thing in these elections is the establishment of any coalition or political entity to declare their own results and not accept anything that does not agree with these results,” considering that the next government can be formed only in accordance with the quotas imposed by External interventions.Despite the lack of announcement of the results, but the alliance, “victory” began to talk about the formation of the next government. The member of the Iraqi parliament, the leader of the “victory” Abbas al-Bayati, that his coalition does not have any veto or red lines on the blocs and parties and personalities winning the elections in the negotiations to form a new government, likely to see the new government light after the holiday of Eid al-Fitr. He added in a television interview that “the electoral programs and the extent of convergence will determine the quality of alliances,” stressing that the new government will focus on technocrats, whether politicians or outside the circle of political work and within professional disciplines, adding that the new government will look for a practical program and realistic and economic and developmental and will receive support A strong parliamentary not to be targeted later, explaining that “the alliance of victory will enter negotiations with all blocs, and will open to everyone, whether they are within the ruling National Alliance or outside.”

the meantime, called the “National Coalition” led by Iyad Allawi to cancel the election results, and the formation of a caretaker government until the conditions for the holding of new elections, stressing in a statement that the reluctance of Iraqis to participate in the elections, the spread of violence and fraud and misinformation and the purchase of votes and the exploitation of circumstances Displaced and displaced persons, led the Coalition to this claim. He pointed to the fog in the actions taken by the Electoral Commission in the electronic vote, considering that the elections held on Saturday will produce a weak government does not enjoy the confidence of the citizen. Source

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