The UN makes proposals to the government on demonstrations: the right to life above all
The United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) on Sunday (November 10, 2019) submitted proposals to the government on the demonstrations, including “exercise maximum restraint” and the non-use of live ammunition, in addition to the investigation of abductions.
“Demonstrations have broken out in recent weeks in Baghdad and other provinces in Iraq,” UNAMI said in a statement. “Demonstrators’ demands cover many issues, including economic growth, employment, reliable public services, good and fair governance, an end to corruption, and free and fair elections.” And just reform of the political system including the amendment of the Constitution. ”
The statement added, “It is obviously tangible, the accumulation of frustrations about the lack of progress in the past 16 years,” noting that “with the high number of dead and wounded (demonstrators and Iraqi security forces) there is an atmosphere of anger and fear.”
“The Iraqi people cannot afford to be hampered by the past or partisan interests,” he said. Time, the risk of kidnapping (spoilers) of peaceful demonstrations is increasing and is likely to hinder attempts at real change, so time is of the essence as well as tangible results. ”
“Initially, after consultation with a wide range of Iraqi parties and authorities (including the three presidencies, the Supreme Judicial Council and a number of demonstrators as well as union representatives), the mission proposes the following principles and measures:
The following principles apply to all parties at all times:
- Protect the right to life above all.
- Guarantee the right of assembly, peaceful demonstration and freedom of expression as guaranteed by the Constitution.
- Exercise maximum restraint in dealing with demonstrations, including non-use of live ammunition and prohibition of improper use of non-lethal devices (eg, tear gas canisters).
- Achieve full accountability for the perpetrators and redress for the victims.
- Act in accordance with the law, including in relation to public and private property.
Immediate actions (less than a week) include:
- Release all peaceful demonstrators detained since 1 October in accordance with the law.
- Not to pursue peaceful demonstrators.
- To initiate a full investigation into the abduction cases (including the use of surveillance camera recordings) and to reveal the identity of those behind them.
- Expedite the identification / bringing to justice of those responsible for targeting demonstrators.
- Prosecute and punish those responsible for the excessive use of force and / or perpetrators of other acts of violence in accordance with the law.
- Publicly call on all regional and international parties not to interfere in Iraq’s internal affairs and respect its sovereignty.
Short-term actions (within one to two weeks) include:
- Electoral Reform: A unified legal framework with technical support from the United Nations is finalized and submitted shortly to the House of Representatives. Parliamentary procedures will be completed as soon as possible.
- Security Sector Reform: Executive Order 237 is implemented in full and without delay. Any weapons outside the control of the state are prohibited.
- Corruption: The political elite should set an example in the fight against corruption by exposing financial interests inside and outside the country, whether in their own name or under other names. In addition, political parties / blocs and political currents are abolishing their economic committees.
Medium-term actions (within one to three months) include:
- The Constitution: The Constitutional Amendments Committee continues to review the Constitution, with technical support from the United Nations, and submit any amendment to the Constitution for referendum by the Iraqi people.
- Corruption: The Integrity Commission refers corruption cases to the Supreme Judicial Council or the Central Anti-Corruption Court. This court investigates corruption cases at all levels in the country. All officials found to be corrupt are held to account.
- Enactment of laws: The government sends the following bills to the House of Representatives, which in turn must complete them as soon as possible:
- A) Where do you get this?
- B) The Federal Court Act
- C) Social Security Law
- D) The Housing Crisis Resolution Act
- E) Oil and Gas Law
- F) Amendment of the Investment Promotion Law and Public Private Partnership.
- G) The Council of Ministers and Ministries Law
- H) The Law of the Reconstruction Council.