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Nuri al-Maliki Fast Facts

Personal: 
Birth date:
 July 1, 1950

Birth place: Hindiya, Iraq (some sources say Hilla)

Birth name: Nuri Kamil al-Maliki

Marriage: Married

Children: Four daughters and a son

Education: Usul al-Din College, BA, Islamic Studies, 1973; Salahaddin University, MA, Arabic Literature, 1992

Religion: Shiite Muslim

Other Facts: 
Prono:
 NOO-ree al-MAA-lick-ee

Changed his name to Jawad al-Maliki while he was in exile.

Negotiated with Sunnis and Kurds to help draft Iraq’s constitution.

Previously an adviser to former Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari .

Directed activists in Iraq during his exile in Syria and Iran .

Timeline: 
1968 –
 Joins the Dawa Party.

1979-1980 – When he is sent to death for opposing Saddam Hussein and the Baathist party, Maliki flees Iraq and finds refuge in Iran and later Syria.

2003 – Returns to Iraq from Syria.

2003-2004 – Member of the de-Baathification Commission, which works to rid former Baathists from Iraq’s military and government.

January 2005 – Is elected to the new parliament as a member of the Dawa Party and serves as the head of the Security and Defense Committee of the National Assembly.

April 22, 2006 – Is chosen by the Shiite-dominated coalition United Iraqi Alliance to replace Interim Iraqi Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari. He has one month to form a government.

May 20, 2006 – Iraq’s new government is sworn in, with 37 cabinet members and Maliki as prime minister.

July 26, 2006 – Addresses a joint meeting of the US Congress on the war in Iraq.

October 27, 2006 – Meets with US Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad, telling him he considers himself “a friend of the US, but [he’s] not America’s man in Iraq.”

January 2, 2007 – States in an interview with the Wall Street Journal, “I wish I could have done with it even before the end of this term .. I only agreed because I thought it would serve the national interest, and I will not accept it again. ”

March 3-5, 2008 – Meets with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in Baghdad.

February 2009 – Maliki’s State of Law Coalition wins a plurality in 9 of the 14 provinces that held elections.

March 7, 2010 – Parliamentary elections for Iraq’s second full-term legislature. The main rival to the State of Law coal which includes Maliki’s Dawa Party, is the Iraqiya coal headed by former interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi .

March 26, 2010 – In Iraq’s parliamentary elections , Allawi’s Iraqiya coalitions edges out Maliki’s coalition 91 seats to 89.

November 25, 2010 – Maliki is named to a second term by Iraqi President Jalal Talabani in a televised ceremony.

December 12, 2011 – Meets with US President Barack Obama at the White House to discuss the shift in US-Iraq relations with the end of the Iraq war.

June 10, 2012 – Maliki survives the threat of a no-confidence vote by parliament when President Talabani announces that there is not enough support for the vote. Maliki’s opponents accuse him of monopolizing power.

June 21, 2012 – Osama al-Nujaifi, speaker of parliament, announces that Maliki will be asked to appear before parliament in a continued effort to oust him.

January 4, 2014 – Malawi vows to crush the urgency in Anbar province, where the Sunni insurgency – al Qaeda in Iraq – flourished following the 2003 US-led invasion. “There will be no withdrawal,” Maliki says in a speech carried by Al-Arabiya.

April 30, 2014 – Maliki’s party wins 92 seats in parliamentary elections, short of the 165 seats needed for a majority.

August 11, 2014 – President Fuad Masum appoints Haider al-Abadi as prime minister of Iraq, replacing a defiant Malki with a member of his own party, despite Mr. Maliki’s earlier appearance in the day that he intends to stay in office for a third term. Abadi, is the deputy speaker of the Iraqi Parliament and a former aide to Maliki.

August 14, 2014 – In a televised address, Maliki withdraws his candidacy for a third term and approvals Abadi.

September 8, 2014 – Maliki is asked to serve as one of the country’s three vice presidents in the newly formed government.

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