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Pompeo takes off on first official direct flight between Israel and Sudan

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Tuesday landed in Sudan, the second leg on his Middle East tour, on the first official direct flight from Tel Aviv to Khartoum.

“Happy to announce that we are on the FIRST official NONSTOP flight from Israel to Sudan!” Pompeo said on Twitter ahead of the visit.

Pompeo is the first American top diplomat to visit Sudan since 2005,  and Israel and Sudan do not have official diplomatic relations.

But the visit is seen as part of US efforts to persuade more Arab countries to follow the United Arab Emirates in normalising ties with Tel Aviv.

Analysts have argued that Khartoum is under pressure from the US, Israel and the UAE to pursue normalisation, and that the lifting of crippling US sanctions may constitute an incentive for the African nation to reverse its official stance on Israel.

The US sanctioned Sudan over its alleged support for militant groups and the civil war in Darfur, during the rule of Omar al-Bashir Bashir, the long-time ruler ousted by the military in April 2019 after popular protests against him.

Trade sanctions were lifted in 2017 but Sudan remains on the US list of state sponsors of terrorism, which prevents it from accessing badly needed funding from international lenders.

Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok tweeted on Tuesday that he discussed with Pompeo the lifting of Sudan from the list as well as Washington’s support for the transitional government.

On Sunday, Pompeo had kicked off his Middle East tour in Israel. As well as the visit to Sudan, the trip will also include stops in the UAE and Bahrain.

The tour comes in the wake of a US-sponsored normalisation deal between Israel and the UAE, announced on 13 August.

UAE-Israel deal: Pompeo reassures Netanyahu of Israel’s military superiority in the region

The deal has been denounced by Palestinians from across the political spectrum, who dismissed it as tantamount to “treason” and “a stab in the back”.

According to a press release from the US Department of State, Pompeo was set to meet with Hamdok and Sovereign Council Chair General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, “to discuss continued US support for the civilian-led transitional government and express support for deepening the Sudan-Israel relationship”.

Pompeo will then head to Manama to meet with Bahrain’s crown prince and conclude his trip in Abu Dhabi, where he is due to discuss the normalisation agreement and other regional issues.

Sudanese divisions

The UAE deal has sparked divisions in Sudan’s ruling establishment.

The country has been ruled by an alliance of civilian technocrats and military officials formed in the wake of the 2019 protests that ousted Bashir.

On Monday, the Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) political coalition, which backs the transitional government, announced in a statement that it had agreed with Hamdok to reject normalisation.

A source close to Hamdok’s office told Middle East Eye last week that the entire transitional government had agreed to postpone any decision on issues related to ties with Israel until an elected government was in place after the 2022 general elections.

Sudan PM clears way for Omar al-Bashir to be sent to ICC

Divisions in the transitional government came under the spotlight when foreign ministry spokesman Haydar Sadig was sacked after he hailed the UAE-Israel deal in media statements last Tuesday.

Sadig had called the deal “a brave and bold step”, and noted that Khartoum and Tel Aviv already had secret diplomatic relations.

The foreign ministry said it was “astonished” by Sadig’s comments, and stressed that the government had not discussed the possibility of diplomatic relations.

But in a phone call with MEE last Wednesday, Sadig said he was expressing his “personal views”, and that he stood by his remarks that his country maintains contacts with Israel.

Israel’s intelligence chief Yossi Cohen also contradicted the Sudanese statements, saying that his government was in contact with Sudan and that normalisation was “part of the agenda” for their diplomatic relations.

Earlier this year, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had met with Burhan, the head of Sudan’s ruling council, and reportedly discussed normalisation.

At the time, the meeting had been viewed by Sudanese analysts as an attempt by Khartoum to get in Washington’s good graces and secure the lifting of crippling US sanctions. Source