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KTFA: Samson:  Al-Kazemi: The current security situation is a reflection of the political situation

28th September, 2022

 

The Prime Minister, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, Mustafa Al-Kazemi, directed the security forces to pursue and arrest the perpetrators of the missile bombing of the Green Zone, and stressed the need for the security forces to abide by their duties in protecting state institutions, public and private properties, and peaceful demonstrators.

 

The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces called on the demonstrators to abide by the peaceful, and the directives of the security forces about the places of demonstration.

 

His Excellency stressed that the current security situation is a reflection of the political situation. Once again the call for dialogue between all the forces dealing with the political issue;

 

To get out of the current crisis, support the state and its institutions to carry out their tasks, spare citizens the consequences of political conflicts, maintain security, and reject any prejudice to social peace. His Excellency stressed the need for continued cooperation and coordination between authorities.

 

Media Office of the Prime Minister

28-September 2022

 

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Samson:  The Board Of Directors Of The Arab Monetary Fund Intends To Hold Its Two Hundred Fourth Meeting On Thursday, September 29, 2022

 

27th September, 2022

 

On Thursday, September 29, 2022, the two hundred fourth periodic meeting of the Board of Executive Directors of the Arab Monetary Fund will be held. The board’s agenda includes discussing the developments of the fund’s activities during the third quarter of 2022.

 

The meeting reviews the efforts made by the Fund during the third quarter of 2022, to support Arab countries in facing economic developments on the regional and international arenas, which were reflected in global financial markets, and on the markets for commodities, agricultural products and energy products, within the framework of the means available to it, including lending windows. Providing advice and technical assistance, organizing training courses for Arab human resources, and holding meetings and workshops to exchange Arab, regional and international experiences and expertise, to address the economic and social impacts of these developments, and to enhance chances of success in returning to the usual paths of growth.

 

In the field of lending, the topics that the council will review include developments in implementing the annual lending plan to provide financial support to member states in its various forms, whether those related to supporting efforts to enhance macroeconomic stability, addressing imbalances in the balance of payments, or lending windows that support the implementation of sectoral reform programs. The issues before the Council also include the progress of implementing the reform programs supported by the resources of the Fund, in preparation for the withdrawal of the remaining payments from the loans contracted to support the programs supported by those loans.

 

The agenda also includes a review of the technical support activity provided by the Arab Monetary Fund to its member states, since its previous meeting, through initiatives, meetings, forums, and workshops that were held to follow up on the situation in the Arab countries, provide recommendations, and exchange experiences, to meet the current challenges. In cooperation with a number of regional and international institutions, in addition to the training courses held by the Fund, in addition to briefing the studies, working papers, books, brochures, and reports prepared and issued by the Fund.

 

During the meeting, the Board will also review developments in the fund’s investment activity related to accepting deposits from central banks and Arab monetary institutions, the performance of investment portfolios, and developments in global financial markets.

 

On the other hand, the Council will be presented with the activities of the Arab Monetary Fund within the framework of its assumption of the technical secretariat of the Board of Governors of Arab Central Banks and Monetary Institutions, as well as the Council of Arab Finance Ministers.

 

This is in addition to the activities carried out by the Fund within the framework of the “Buna” platform of the Regional Institution for the Clearing and Settlement of Arab Payments, the “Financial Inclusion in the Arab Countries”, “Arab Statistics (Arabstat)” and “Modern Financial Technologies” initiatives. The digital economy”, “structural transformations”, and other initiatives adopted by the Fund in the service of its member states.  LINK

 

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Samson:  Kurdish official: Article 140 is a solution to all administrative disputes

 

26th September, 2022

 

The former Diyala Council member for the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Zahid Taher al-Dalawi, considered on Monday Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution, which has been frozen throughout the past government cycles, as solutions to the revenues of regions and administrative units in all Iraqi governorates, limited to Kurds only.

 

Al-Dalawi told Shafaq News Agency, “Article 140 does not concern the disputed areas between the region and the federal government only, but also includes other regions in the western and southern countries,” noting that “the origin and content of Article 140 is to return each region, sub-district or district to an annex in a governorate. others to their original administrative and geographical ownership.

 

He pointed out that “the problems with Article 140 exist in areas between Nineveh and Salah al-Din, Anbar and Karbala, Najaf and Karbala, Diyala and Kirkuk, Salah al-Din and Diyala.”

 

Al-Dalawi added, “The step (Kurdistan’s referendum on September 25, 2017) is a message for self-determination and an end to accumulated problems that have not yet seen solutions, despite it being included in the Iraqi constitution voted on by the people.”

 

The Kurdish official promised the implementation and implementation of the constitutional provisions, “a guarantee of ending all disputes between the region and the federal government.”

 

The former Iraqi regime, which was toppled in 2003 by international forces led by America, had made demographic changes in areas inhabited by a national mixture in favor of the Arabs at the expense of the Kurds.

 

The Iraqi constitution provides in Article 140 to remove the effects of previous policies before holding a referendum in those areas to determine their administrative subordination to the Kurdistan Region or the Federal Government.  LINK

 

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Samson:  An economist expects the possibility of an increase in oil prices

 

28th September, 2022

 

Economist Safwan Qusai suggested an increase in global oil prices in the coming months, especially with the exacerbation of the derivatives crisis in Europe, pointing out that the increase in prices is used to determine the price of a barrel of oil in the budget.

 

Qusay told Al-Maalouma, “There is a need for oil derivatives in Europe, especially in the next few months, as this may reach oil prices of 130 dollars a barrel, especially if the United States, China, Japan and Europe raise the consumption rate from their stores.”

 

He added, “The increase in prices will lead to an increase in the price of a barrel of oil in the budget for the next year, as setting the price of $90 a barrel may be appropriate for the budget according to the increase in prices.”

 

And Qusay, that “the industrial countries will be the first to be affected by the shortage of gas, including Germany, which is considered the third in the world at the level of industries, which prompts the resort to oil derivatives to operate the stations and generate electricity.”  LINK

 

 

The Federal Court renews its position on the dissolution of Parliament and the resignation of the Sadrist bloc’s deputies and sets a condition for holding the elections

 

27th September, 2022

 

The President of the Federal Supreme Court, Jassim Muhammad Abboud, affirmed that the Iraqi constitution is the product of the will of the people and expresses their interest

 

Abboud added in an interview with the Iraqi News Agency (INA), that “all federal authorities must work according to the constitution in order to put the people’s interest in their calculations when doing any work, indicating that the Federal Court under Article 93 of the Constitution exercises its powers, starting with the oversight of the constitutionality of laws.” Interpretation of the texts in addition to the aforementioned competencies

 

Maintaining the Constitution and dissolving Parliament

 

He added that “the purpose of the Federal Court is to preserve the constitution and prevent abuse of powers,” stressing that “no proposals were submitted by us related to granting the Federal Court broader power

 

.  He added that “the problem that Iraq is going through is not in the constitution nor in the competencies of the Federal Court, but rather the problem in applying the constitution and mishandling it,” noting that “the dissolution of the Federal Court or the replacement of its members or how to refer members to retirement is done through the constitution, and that the Federal Court is a body The judiciary is financially and administratively independent and exercises its powers in accordance with what is stated in the constitution

 

He explained that “the Federal Court is the watchdog over all authorities so that they do not go beyond the constitution and it is not within its jurisdiction to dissolve parliament, and that the constitution charts the ways and the parties that have the right to dissolve it

 

Sadrist bloc MPs resign

 

He pointed out that “the issue of the return of the resigned deputy, the President of the Federal Court cannot give his opinion in this regard, because it becomes a subject of discussion among all members of the court, and therefore it must be examined in a constitutional light,” noting that “there are several lawsuits filed regarding the resignation of the Sadrist bloc’s deputies, some of which were rejected. Because the method of its establishment is incorrect, while other lawsuits are still being filed, they will be considered in their time

 

He stressed that “the lawsuit filed to challenge the resignation of the Sadrist bloc’s deputies was not filed by the stakeholders (the Sadrist movement), but was filed by parties that have no legal relationship with this issue,” noting that each lawsuit has its own circumstances, but the interest of the Iraqi people is above all

 

Election law

 

He added, “The Federal Supreme Court has ruled that a section of the election law is unconstitutional, and Parliament must legislate legal articles within the law to replace these articles, and no elections can be held unless the election law is completely completed, including the articles that were canceled

 

And he indicated that “the election of the president of the republic according to what was stated in Article 70 is clear and cannot be bypassed, and that the court applies the constitution according to the supreme interest of the people,” noting: “In constitutional jurisprudence there is the issue of reversal, and this is possible for constitutional courts to change some of their opinions regarding legal principles, It is not about judgments issued by the Federal Court

 

He noted that “if the Federal Court considers that it is in the people’s interest to abandon its views, it will change its consideration in a manner that does not violate the constitution. He continued, “The deputy does not represent himself, but rather represents all the people, and Parliament must work for the people’s interest, especially the legislation of the budget law,” noting that “the failure to complete the federal authorities, including the executive authority, was not completed due to the failure to elect the President of the Republic, and that the constitution created the authorities for the benefit of the people and not for their interest

 

Budget Law

 

He pointed out that “members of parliament are not only their tasks to stay in parliament, but rather they have to work for the interest of Iraq,” noting that the current government is a caretaker government and it cannot send the budget law, and the legislative authority must overcome differences and work for the people. Noting that “the Federal Court was not presented to it regarding the budget law in the caretaker government. However, he said: “The budget law can only be sent to Parliament by a permanent government,” pointing out that Iraq now suffers from two big things, the first of which are political differences, and the second is corruption, and it is not Iraq’s problem in the constitution

 

Political blockage

 

And he indicated that “the main reason for the political blockage in Iraq is the political differences,” noting that “corruption hinders the building of the state, and it is now of two types: corruption of great importance, and the other of less importance, and that the Iraqi citizen has lost his confidence in the public job, because public money is sacred and must be protected

 

He explained that “the oversight bodies represented by the Financial Supervision Bureau and the Integrity Commission have not yet put an end to corruption in Iraq, and the state cannot be built as long as there is an absence of social justice, and there is no real intention to end corruption. He explained that “the caretaker government as a whole by virtue of the resignation, and it is not entitled to dismiss ministers or appoint higher ranks, and there is a lawsuit filed regarding the resignation of Finance Minister Ali Allawi, and a date has been set for it to consider it

 

Oil file

 

And he indicated that “oil and gas are the property of the people, and they must be disposed of by the people, not a specific authority, and that the Federal Court said its words regarding oil and gas in the Kurdistan region, and the implementation of this decision rests with the competent authorities according to the interest of Iraq and not to sacrifice its interest

 

And he indicated that “the establishment of the National Oil Company and the assignment of Minister Ihsan Abdul-Jabbar is illegal, and the Federal Court had previously appealed to it before a previous decision of the company’s law and canceled many articles, which are essential articles, and thus it is not possible to proceed with the formation of the National Oil Company by canceling these articles unless the articles of legislation are legislated. Others replace the canceled articles by the House of Representatives  LINK

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